What Les Misérables Can Teach Us About Paul Ryan's Poverty Plan

Mar 7, 2014Nell Abernathy

Conservatives who say getting a job is the answer to poverty fail to acknowledge the realities of low-income work.

Conservatives who say getting a job is the answer to poverty fail to acknowledge the realities of low-income work.

Les Misérables returned to Broadway last week, just in time for Victor Hugo’s tale of poverty and redemption to provide some context for thinking about the poverty report Rep. Paul Ryan released Monday. With a history of more than 6,000 Broadway performances and a Hollywood spin-off starring Anne Hathaway, the lavish musical has probably engendered more popular sympathy for the down-and-out than any progressive politician sticking to her talking points ever could.

When the resident villain, Inspector Javert, castigates characters who can’t find jobs, can’t feed children, can’t escape a past mistake, with his motto, “honest work, just rewards,” the American viewing public – conservative and progressive alike – laugh bitterly at his naïveté. “They are trying,” we want to shout at the stage.

But what if you live in a society where honest work doesn’t always lead to just rewards? This question, at the center of upheaval for both the characters and the society Les Mis portrays, is also worth asking in 21st century America.

The central flaw of Ryan’s report is his assumption that a job will lift incomes for poor Americans. Progressives agree that work should provide a path out of poverty, but given the dysfunction of our current labor markets, we know that Ryan's assertions hit the same false notes as Javert’s.

It is impossible to talk about poverty in the U.S. without addressing the fact that today work does not guarantee economic security.

Of the 26 million working-age adults living in poverty in 2012, more than 10 million were working full- or part-time. (This is according to the Official Poverty Measure used by Ryan, though most anti-poverty advocates, including me, prefer the Supplemental Poverty Measure.) Two-thirds of children in poverty live in a household with at least one working adult. But with the minimum wage stagnating at nearly 25 percent below its historical value, and part-time work at historic highs, a job in America no longer means independence. More than half of fast-food workers rely on one of the public assistance programs mentioned in Ryan’s report, according to an analysis from the UC Berkeley Labor Center. Nearly a quarter of the total workforce relies on public programs.

There are 16 million poor adults who aren’t working. Ryan suggests they are stuck in a “poverty trap” of federal programs that create disincentives for work. Incentives aren’t the whole story (there are plenty of Jean Valjeans out there facing structural disconnection from the labor market), but I will concede that incentives are a part of the problem. Indeed, research shows that single mothers must often choose between a bad job with no benefits or a meager government check that at least allows them to care for their children.

The conservative solution has been to cut government support in order to force workers into poverty-level work. This was the philosophy behind the 1996 welfare reform law, which Ryan’s report trumpets as one of the great successes in the war on poverty. Welfare reform did raise incomes for some of the American poor, but as my colleagues Andrea Flynn and Ellen Chesler write in a forthcoming paper, “increases in employment and wages moved many women off welfare, but also failed to enable them to achieve long-term economic independence” because the work they took on did not allow them to complete their education or provide health care benefits.

Progressive solutions to poverty include a range of policies designed to make work a true pathway out of poverty. Raising the minimum wage to $10.10 would lift 900,000 people out of poverty, according to the conservative CBO report, or nearly 6 million, according to Arindrajit Dube’s review of 12 different minimum wage studies. Paid family leave can help single moms stay in the workforce and earn higher wages. Recent reviews of California’s 10-year-old paid leave policy show that women who have paid leave work 16 percent more weekly hours and make 5 percent more in hourly wages than women who don’t. A government-funded work program could reintegrate the 3.8 million adults who have been out of work and looking for more than 27 weeks, and has been supported by conservative economists who understand that sometimes the down-and-out need a hand finding “honest work.” None of these policies were mentioned by Congressman Ryan, nor did he even acknowledge the state of work in America.

I believe Mr. Ryan is sincere in his attempt to propose solutions to poverty. Javert himself is ultimately a sympathetic character, eager to do his duty. The problem with Javert, and some conservative leaders, is that they cannot tolerate a world of nuance and moral ambiguity where truisms like “honest work, just rewards” are insufficient answers to societal challenges.

With so many Americans living in poverty, including 22 percent of our children (the highest child poverty rate among rich countries), we should have an honest debate about which policy responses are effective and which are not. The reality of low-income work must be part of that debate.

Nell Abernathy is the Program Manager for the Roosevelt Institute's Bernard L. Schwartz Rediscovering Government Initiative.

 

Image via Thinkstock

Share This

Daily Digest - March 7: Holding Banks to a Higher Standard

Mar 7, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

What's the Deal: How to Make the Financial System Safer for Everyone with Mike Konczal (YouTube)

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

What's the Deal: How to Make the Financial System Safer for Everyone with Mike Konczal (YouTube)

Roosevelt Institute Fellow Mike Konczal explains why banks need higher capital standards to prevent another collapse and discusses the economic reform issues that the Roosevelt Institute will be working on throughout 2014.

Obama's Budget and the Politics of Poverty (To The Point)

Mike Konczal speaks with Warren Olney about how the parties aim to split the budget for anti-poverty programs. The GOP would increase funding for some programs, but at the cost of others.

Paul Ryan Accidentally Makes the Case Against Means-Testing (MSNBC)

When Paul Ryan brings up a child who feels unloved because he gets free lunch instead of a brown-bag lunch, Ned Resnikoff sees an opening for giving all students free lunch.

Together, New Haven Activists and Leaders Strike Back Against Wage Theft (In These Times)

For the first time, local police brought larceny charges against an employer who shortchanged his workers. Melinda Tuhus says these steps will help to protect low-wage workers, including undocumented workers.

Unions and Job Security (PolicyShop)

Matt Bruenig counters a recent argument that unions can't provide real job security anymore. He says the point isn't absolute job security anyway, but safety from firing without cause.

The Foreclosure Nightmare Isn’t Over Yet (MSNBC)

Suzy Khimm reports on one family's five-year fight against foreclosure in Maryland. Policies requiring mediation have kept them in limbo, as have the mortgage servicer's repeated runarounds.

Democrat Says CFTC's Low Budget 'Sucks' (The Hill)

Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA) says that the Commodity Futures Trading Commission's lack of sufficient funding could be very dangerous if it handicaps enforcement, reports Tim Devaney.

Share This

Daily Digest - March 6: Washington State Points the Way on Wages

Mar 6, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Highest Minimum-Wage State Washington Beats U.S. Job Growth (Bloomberg)

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Highest Minimum-Wage State Washington Beats U.S. Job Growth (Bloomberg)

Victoria Stilwell, Peter Robison, and William Selway report that Washington hasn't just shown higher job growth – it also has lower poverty rates, and the supposedly vulnerable service industry is growing.

Minimum Wage Raise Would Reduce Food Stamp Spending By $46 Billion Over Decade: Report (HuffPo)

A new report from the Center for American Progress analyzes how higher wages would reduce need, writes Dave Jamieson. Raising the minimum wage would decrease the "culture of dependency" that Republicans decry.

The U.S. Economy's Big Baby Problem (The Atlantic)

The American birthrate has hit a new record low. That wouldn't be a big deal, writes Derek Thompson, if our economy didn't rely so heavily on families' consumer spending.

Over 2 Million People Now Without Unemployment Benefits (MSNBC)

The number of long-term unemployed workers in the U.S. keeps growing, and Ned Resnikoff says it's looking less and less likely that Congress will reauthorize their extended unemployment insurance.

When Regulation Threatens, Bankers Predict Doom For Main Street (ProPublica)

Jesse Eisinger explains how banks are trying to chip away at financial reform by negotiating behind the scenes on little-known issues. Going after collateralized loan obligation rules doesn't get much public scrutiny.

Does America Need a Robin Hood Tax? (Pacific Standard)

Kyle Chayka says a financial transactions tax could raise enough money to fight many social problems. Focusing such a tax on high-frequency trading would also curtail the banks' worst excesses.

It’s Still Paul Ryan’s Party (WaPo)

Greg Sargent calls out Ryan's hypocrisy in claiming the president's budget contains no attempt at compromise. Ryan's budget seeks even less common ground, with absolutely no funds for Democratic priorities.

Share This

Daily Digest - March 5: Are the GOP's Plans Anti-Poverty or Anti-Poor?

Mar 5, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

The New GOP Poverty Efforts Are Impractical, Incoherent, and Inhumane (TNR)

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

The New GOP Poverty Efforts Are Impractical, Incoherent, and Inhumane (TNR)

Roosevelt Institute Fellow Mike Konczal explains the problems with the Republican focus on cutting costs and eliminating government programs. The president’s anti-poverty plan, while flawed, makes more sense.

The Partisan Divide Over the Earned Income Tax Credit (MSNBC)

Timothy Noah writes that the GOP now classifies any kind of government aid as “dependence,” even the EITC. That means the working poor can no longer count on any bipartisan support.

Obama's Budget: Help for Workers, Taxes for the Rich (CNNMoney)

Jeanne Sahadi says the president's budget proposal centers on tax reforms that help low- and middle-income workers. She lays out the minor changes this would mean for the wealthiest Americans.

Budget Day and Why That Matters–A Lot! (On The Economy)

It's true that many of the top-line budget numbers were set by the Murray/Ryan plan that ended the shutdown, but Jared Bernstein says the president's budget is about political aspirations.

The Real Poverty Trap (NYT)

Paul Krugman counters an assumption from Paul Ryan's poverty report, explaining that work effort doesn't guarantee social mobility. But reducing inequality increases mobility, so social safety net programs remain key.

Exclusive: Report Finds Taking A Paid Day Off When Sick Is A Privilege Of The Wealthy (ThinkProgress)

Bryce Covert looks at a new report from the Institute for Women's Policy Research, which shows the vast gap in access to paid sick leave between low-income workers and wealthier workers.

New on Next New Deal

Prevention Over Punishment: The Push to Reduce Gun Violence in Chicago

Focusing on strengthening neighborhoods and healing communities is a far more effective solution than sentencing minimums, write Roosevelt Institute | Pipeline Chicago City Network members Janaè Bonsu and Johnaè Strong

Share This

Daily Digest - February 28: The Deficit's Going Down. Will the Economy Go With It?

Feb 28, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Federal Budget Deficit Falls to Smallest Level Since 2008 (NYT)

Annie Lowrey reports on the sharp decrease of the deficit, which she ties to growth in tax revenue thanks to the improving economy as well as the surprising slowdown in health care costs.

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Federal Budget Deficit Falls to Smallest Level Since 2008 (NYT)

Annie Lowrey reports on the sharp decrease of the deficit, which she ties to growth in tax revenue thanks to the improving economy as well as the surprising slowdown in health care costs.

Budget Deficits Shrinking at the Expense of Economic Recovery (Blog of the Century)

Andrew Fieldhouse writes that policies focused on growth could have achieved the same reduction of the deficit with a far healthier economy, but instead, we have austerity policies.

The Mobility Myth (New Yorker)

American economic mobility has never been particularly high, says James Surowiecki, so public policy should focus on raising the standard of living of ordinary workers instead.

Governors Move to Block Farm Bill’s Food Stamp Cuts (MSNBC)

By raising heat subsidies linked to food stamp eligibility, the governors of Connecticut and New York have ensured hundreds of thousands of households will get a reprieve from cuts, writes Ned Resnikoff.

Not a Single Home Is for Sale in San Francisco That an Average Teacher Can Afford (Bloomberg Businessweek)

Karen Weise reports that a tight real estate market and dwindling pay for teachers are causing the problem, and it isn't good for the school system when teachers can't afford a place to live.

Why Ivy League Schools Are So Bad at Economic Diversity (The Atlantic)

Robin J. Hayes says that elite universities have a singular view of what a high-achieving applicant looks like on paper – and that view overvalues the opportunities provided by wealth.

Are Unions Necessary? (LA Times)

It's unions, writes Michael Hiltzik, that have secured most of the major workplace protections that help all workers, unionized or not. Who else will push for new improvements to labor law?

New on Next New Deal

Beyond Black History Month: A Roosevelt Institute Reading and Viewing Guide

As Black History Month comes to a close, the Roosevelt Institute suggests books, films, and more to continue the discussion and reflection on race in the U.S.

Share This

Daily Digest - February 27: Raising Wages the Rooseveltian Way

Feb 27, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

FDR Set the Terms for Labor Executive Orders (Reuters)

Roosevelt Institute Fellow Dorian Warren praises President Obama for following FDR's path with his recent executive order raising the minimum wage for federally contracted workers..

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

FDR Set the Terms for Labor Executive Orders (Reuters)

Roosevelt Institute Fellow Dorian Warren praises President Obama for following FDR's path with his recent executive order raising the minimum wage for federally contracted workers..

This Is How You Fix Ailing Public Pensions (Time)

Rana Foroohar draws out some key points from the Roosevelt Institute's conference on the public pensions crisis, including the need for fewer high-risk investments and campaign finance reform.

  • Roosevelt Take: The conference showcased a forthcoming study by Roosevelt Institute Senior Fellow Rob Johnson, who wrote about additional possible solutions to the pensions crisis.

Christie, Scott Walker and the Assault on Workers’ Pensions (The Nation)

For Republican governors with hopes of the presidency, attacking public pensions under the specter of Detroit is a strategic key, write Bob and Barbara Dreyfuss.

Tom Perkins Is Winning: The Rich Already Vote More (TPM)

William W. Franko, Nathan J. Kelly, and Christopher Witko point out that voter turnout already has a class bias, which results in state governments that are less responsive to public opinion.

Stop Currency Manipulation and Create Millions of Jobs (EPI)

By ending currency manipulation, when countries shift exchange rates to influence the costs of trade, Robert E. Scott says the U.S. would not only create jobs but would also lower the deficit.

The Home Mortgage Business, Where Cheaters Always Seem to Prosper (TAP)

David Dayen explains how Ocwen, a mortgage servicer, has managed to build an entire business around harmful and sometimes even fraudulent behavior toward homeowners.

Share This

Daily Digest - February 24: What We Didn't Bargain For

Feb 24, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Obama is Showing Some Guts on the Budget. Don't Celebrate Just Yet. (TNR)

The president would put chained CPI, a method of calculating Social Security increases that is popular with Republicans, back on the table at any hint of a Grand Bargain, says Danny Vinik.

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Obama is Showing Some Guts on the Budget. Don't Celebrate Just Yet. (TNR)

The president would put chained CPI, a method of calculating Social Security increases that is popular with Republicans, back on the table at any hint of a Grand Bargain, says Danny Vinik.

The Grand Bargain’s Dead. What Now? (MSNBC)

Without a Grand Bargain on the budget, Suzy Khimm says that fundamental disagreements on benefits programs will have to wait until at least after midterm elections, and maybe even until 2016.

Why Wage Hikes Should Be All the Rage (Policy Shop)

As states, cities, and big retailers like Gap Inc. move forward to raise wages, Amy Traub argues that this piecemeal approach helps some workers and keeps the national conversation going.

UAW Demands Labour Board Review Volkswagen Plant Vote (The Guardian)

The appeal focuses on the "firestorm of interference" from outside groups and Tennessee politicians, reports Dominic Rushe. The union lost narrowly, and the appeal could lead to a new election.

Can These College Football Players Actually Unionize? (MoJo)

As football players at Northwestern University begin the unionization fight with a hearing at the Chicago regional National Labor Relations Board, Matt Connolly explains the process and potential complications.

Wisconsin’s Legacy for Unions (NYT)

Steven Greenhouse reports on how a Wisconsin law gutting the powers of public-sector unions to collectively bargain has changed things for those workers. No surprises: it's not looking good.

Share This

In 'Nuestro Texas,' A Call for Human Rights in Reproductive Health Care

Feb 4, 2014Andrea Flynn

A new report on access to reproductive health care in the Rio Grande Valley highlights the human rights violations happening right in the U.S.

A new report on access to reproductive health care in the Rio Grande Valley highlights the human rights violations happening right in the U.S.

During the past three years, more than 150,000 women in Texas have lost access to reproductive health services, thanks to a relentless barrage of laws and policies that have shuttered 76 family planning clinics across the state. A disproportionate number of those women live in the Rio Grande Valley, a region with extreme health disparities and some of the nation’s highest levels of poverty and unemployment.

Cover of the Nuestro Texas reportA recent report – Nuestra Voz, Nuestra Salud, Nuestro Texas – co-authored by the Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR) and the National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health (NLIRH) illustrates the dire impact that three years of draconian policies have had on women in the valley. During a briefing at the Roosevelt Institute last week, Katrina Anderson, Human Rights Counsel at CRR, and Jessica González-Rojas and Diana Lugo-Martinez, NLIRH’s Executive Director and Senior Director of Community Engagement, shared the report’s findings and conveyed the stories and experiences of the more than 180 local women they have interviewed.

Nuestro Texas stands out because it illustrates the deeply personal impact of the state’s restrictions and regulations, but it is also unique because it frames Texas women’s rights as fundamental human rights issues, using international standards – a framing infrequently used when addressing women’s health in the United States.

Communities across Texas are feeling the acute pain of the rapid destruction of a once robust public health infrastructure, and the most harm has been done along the state’s Southeast border with Mexico. Nine of the Valley’s 32 health clinics have closed, and those remaining open have curtailed hours, reduced staff, increased fees, and eliminated some services. Before the cuts, public clinics in the valley served nearly 20,000 patients. Today they serve just over 5,000.

Nuestro Texas tells the stories of women who now seek care in Mexico, or purchase black-market medications, or forgo family planning and medical care altogether because the barriers of cost, travel, and immigration status are simply too great. Women live with the anxiety of undiagnosed and untreated breast lumps, cervical pain, sexually transmitted diseases, and a host of other adverse health issues.

Beyond declining access to family planning and a full range of women’s health care services, abortion services have all but disappeared in the Valley thanks to the sweeping anti-choice legislation passed last year by the state legislature in Texas. As a result, reports of incidents of self-abortion are becoming commonplace, because without other options women will take the termination of unplanned pregnancies into their own hands, as they did for decades before abortion was legalized in 1973. Even before the 2011 budget cuts and recent abortion restrictions, the estimated rate of self-induced abortion in Texas was more than twice that of the nation overall, and the rate along the border was more than five times greater than the national rate. Recent articles by Andrea Grimes (RH Reality Check) and by Lindsay Bayerstein (The New Republic) illustrate the dire consequences of regulating reproductive health care into obscurity.

Despite the profound stresses women in the valley now endure, at the Roosevelt Institute briefing González-Rojas maintained that they are not simply “victims of systemic barriers.” They are using their voices to advocate for the health and rights of women and families. Outreach workers help navigate immigration and transportation barriers so that women can access needed care in Mexico, if necessary. They host community meetings where women can share their frustrations, fears, and experiences. They teach self-breast exams and educate about the warning signs of sexually transmitted diseases, even though there are few clinics to see women who may need care.

González-Rojas explained that framing women’s rights as human rights has positioned reproductive health as a family and community issue, one that requires multiple voices and solutions to address. Focusing on human rights has empowered women in the valley to organize and mobilize for policy change. They teach communities about immigration, health, and economic policies and encourage them to fight back by protesting, petitioning lawmakers, and – when possible – by voting. Lugo-Martinez said Valley residents have become engaged and excited about human rights and are routinely sharing copies of the landmark 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights at community meetings.

“Women in the Valley will not rest until they can get care when and where they need it,” González-Rojas said. Nor should we remain complacent, for it would be wrong to assume that what is happening in Texas will stay there. “Texas is the epicenter of bad reproductive health policy, but it is also the incubator of those policies. What happens in Texas really matters,” said Anderson.

States across the nation are now following Texas’s lead in significantly restricting women’s access to reproductive health care. Nuestro Texas demonstrates the urgency of accelerating legal and policy trends across the country, as conservative legislators pursue an unrelenting anti-choice, anti-women’s-health agenda. 

Andrea Flynn is a Fellow at the Roosevelt Institute. She researches and writes about access to reproductive health care in the United States. You can follow her on Twitter @dreaflynn.

Share This

Daily Digest - February 4: A Vision for the Opportunity Community

Feb 4, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Students Rethink How to Build Community (The Nation)

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Students Rethink How to Build Community (The Nation)

Roosevelt Institute | Campus Network Senior Fellow for Equal Justice Erik Lampmann explains how the Campus Network's new Rethinking Communities initiative, which is evaluating institutions like universities on their local impact, could build a more equitable economy for the future.

  • Roosevelt Take: Roosevelt Institute Associate Director of Networked Initiatives Alan Smith writes about the theory behind Rethinking Communities' focus on local economies.

Would the U.S. Postal Service Make a Better Banker for the Poor? (Bloomberg Businessweek)

Joshua Brustein takes up the question of postal banking as a method for the unbanked poor to avoid exploitative payday lenders and their ilk. He sees a future in which banks become worse at retail banking, which makes postal banking a solid possible alternative.

Banks Don’t Do Much Banking Anymore—and That’s a Serious Problem (Pacific Standard)

David Dayen writes about how "shadow banks," which include hedge funds, private equity firms, and the like, have taken a primary role in the lending industry as banks do less and less traditional banking. That's a big concern, because shadow banks are far less regulated and expand risk in the entire financial system.

State Could Be First In The Nation To Make Sure Workers Can Take A Vacation (ThinkProgress)

Bryce Covert reports that Washington lawmakers have proposed a bill that would mandate paid vacation for workers who put in at least 20 hours a week at employers with 25 or more employees. There's nothing like this anywhere else in the U.S.

Placed on Unpaid Leave, a Pregnant Employee Finds Hope in a New Law (NYT)

Rachel L. Swarns reports on one of the first cases invoking New York City's new Pregnant Workers Fairness Act. The law is meant to protect workers like Floralba Fernandez Espinal, who was placed on unpaid leave from her retail job when she brought a note from her obstetrician requesting accommodations.

New on Next New Deal

Obama and the GOP Present Two Very Different Paths to Opportunity for All

Roosevelt Institute Senior Fellow Richard Kirsch contrasts the messages presented by the president in the State of the Union with Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers’s official GOP response. Both focus on opportunity, but only one emphasizes the need for collective action.

Internet for the Public Interest Needs Protection

Roosevelt Institute | Campus Network member Areeba Kamal calls on the Federal Communications Commission to redefine Internet Service Providers as common carriers in the wake of a court decision that struck down net neutrality regulations.

Share This

Daily Digest - January 30: How Do We Make the Economy Work Again?

Jan 30, 2014Rachel Goldfarb

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Left Jab Radio (Sirius XM)

Click here to receive the Daily Digest via email.

Left Jab Radio (Sirius XM)

Jon Aberman and Mark Walsh speak with Roosevelt Institute Senior Fellow and Director of the Bernard L. Schwartz Rediscovering Government Initiative Jeff Madrick about technological innovation that doesn't lead to productivity increases, the jobs emergency, and how to make the U.S. economy more competitive.

Republicans Just Won the Food Stamp War (MoJo)

Erika Eichelberger writes that as the Senate plans to pass the current House version of the Farm Bill, which cuts $9 billion from SNAP, it's clear that the Democrats lost this fight. These cuts will mean that about a million families will receive $90 less per month.

Port Authority Demands Airlines Raise Worker Wages (NY Daily News)

Dan Friedman, Kenneth Lovett, and Rich Schapiro report that following a week-long campaign pushing for higher wages for airport workers, the executive director of the Port Authority has mandated a $9-per-hour wage for workers at LaGuardia and JFK airports.

Outsiders, Not Auto Plant, Battle U.A.W. in Tennessee (NYT)

Steven Greenhouse looks at the opposition to unionization efforts at the Volkswagen plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee. National groups like the Center for Worker Freedom are pouring vast amounts of money into this fight, even though some think Volkswagen is open to the union.

Fed Stays the Course on Stimulus Reduction (WaPo)

Ylan Q. Mui writes that the Federal Reserve will continue to scale back its bond-buying program by about $10 billion in February. She notes that this is despite some concerns about weak job growth, as the December jobs report showed the nation added only 74,000 jobs.

New on Next New Deal

Roosevelt Reacts: What Worked and What Didn't in the 2014 State of the Union

Roosevelt Institute Fellows and Network members respond to the State of the Union: what they liked, what was missing, and how the president should proceed from here.

State of the Union 2014: Obama Offers Action, Not Apologies

Roosevelt Institute Senior Fellow Jeff Madrick praises the president for focusing on the changes that can be made rather than the year's mistakes. He's also glad to see Obama taking Congress to task for making progress impossible due to gridlock.

The State of the Union Then and Now: Raising the Minimum Wage is Still a Good Idea

Roosevelt Institute Senior Fellow and Hyde Park Resident Historian David Woolner notes that the president's call for a higher minimum wage mirrors President Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1938 State of the Union, which used similar arguments to call for the creation of the minimum wage.

Share This

Pages